Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertner

  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Phyllanthaceae
  • Species : Antidesma ghaesembilla
  • Synonym : Antidesma paniculatum Blume; Antidesma pubescens Roxb.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn.
  • Vernacular name : Amti, Umtoa (Hin.); Pulli purase (Kan.); Pulichamaram (Tam.); Puttam, Polari, Pulleru, Lona, Khat Pulitsi, Janupulisaru (Tel.); Suankali, Nuniari, Jamula, Kath marmuri (Ori.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0084
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R., K.R.K.Swamy & K.Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 25/10/14
  • Collection Locality : Tirumala Hills, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh State
  • Habitat : Mixed forest
  • Key identification features : Small evergreen tree. Bark pale brown, young shoots and tender parts of the plant rusty tomentose. Leaves oblong-orbicular, chartaceous, obtuse or emarginate at apex. Rounded or cordate at base. Fuvous-tomentose beneath. Calyx deeply 5-lobed. Fruit a subglobose reddish-purple drupe, edible.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : May-June
  • Native : India to Malaysia
  • Comments : On hills up to 1200 m and also near streams of moist deciduous forests.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Shevaroy Hills (Salem district) (Tamil Nadu State); Srikakulam district, Visakhapatnam district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district, Chittoor district (Andhra Pradesh State); Similipal Hills (Mayurbhanj district) (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, Himalaya, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, South China, Malaysia, North Australia
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. ghaesembilla. Downloaded on 3 July 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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