Acacia pennata (L.) Willd.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA OR BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Species : Acacia pennata
  • Basionym : Mimosa pennata L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia pennata (L.) Willd.
  • Common name : Rusty Mimosa
  • Vernacular name : Biswal, Aila (Hin.); Kaadu seege balli (Kan.); Vellai indu (Tam.); Karusikaya, Mullugorintha (Tel.); Dantari, Nali konti, Duntari (Ori.); Valli khadira (San.)
  • Collection Nos : RRLB 1808
  • Collector(s) Name : M. Brahmam
  • Collection Date : 09/10/75
  • Collection Locality : Bhubaneswar, Khurda district, Odisha
  • Key identification features : A prickly, climbing shrub or a small tree. Leaves are bipinnate, up to 10 cm long, pinnae 12-15 pairs, leaflets 50-60 pairs, rachis of leaf with glands between upperpinnae. Inflorescence is a panicle up to 15 cm long. Flowers are in heads, white or pale yellow. Pod is strap shaped.
  • Habit : Liana
  • Flower, Fruit : May-December
  • Comments : In foothills of scrub jungles to about 1200 m in mixed forests. A ready colonizer.
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Distribution Locality : Bellary district (Karnataka State); Tiruchirapalli district, Dharmapuri district, Shevaroy Hills (Salem district) (Tamil Nadu State); Rampa Hills (East Godavari district), Srikakulam district, West Godavari district, Punyagiri Hills (Visakhapatnam district), Simhachalam Hills (Visakhapatnam district), Rollapenta R.F. (Kurnool district) (Andhra pradesh State); Ganjam district, Khurda district, Similipal Hills (Mayurbhanj district) (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, Andaman Islands (India), Himalayas, Sri Lanka, China, South-East Asia, Malesia
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Acacia pennata. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.