Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA OR BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Species : Acacia catechu
  • Basionym : Mimosa catechu L.f.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd.
  • Common name : Black Cutch, Cutch Tree
  • Vernacular name : Khair, Khaira (Hin.); Kachhu, Kaggali (Kan.); Othalei, Kasukkoto (Tam.); Sundra, Khadirim, Nallasundra (Tel.); Khairo (Ori.)
  • Key identification features : A moderate-sized deciduous tree. Leaves are compound with many leaflets and spines on either side of the leaf base and with a gland on the petiole. Flowers are small, white or pale yellow and are densely arranged on an elongated inflorescence axis. The pod is many-seeded and indehiscent. Bark is white or ash-coloured that peels off in papery flakes.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : June-December
  • Native : Indian sub-continent
  • Comments : Occasional along ghats and roadsides of dry deciduous forests. An exuadate called 'Black Cutch' is obtained from the bark of leaves.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Srikakulam district, Visakhapatnam district, East Godavari district, Kurnool district, Anantapur district, Guntur district (Andhra Pradesh State); Ganjam district, Koraput district, Angul district, Cuttack district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Taiwan, Thailand, South China; Introduced in Mauritius
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1 ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Acacia catechu. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

Description

Line Drawings

Field Images

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.