Acacia horrida (L.) Willd.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
    (PEA OR BEAN FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Leguminosae
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Species : Acacia horrida
  • Synonym : Acacia latronum (L.f.) Willd.; Mimosa latronum L.f.
  • Basionym : Mimosa horrida L.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia horrida (L.) Willd.
  • Vernacular name : Seethaimul, Kaarodai (Tam.); Pakitumma, Akitumma, Kasturi (Tel.)
  • Key identification features : Small trees, with an umbrella shape crown, armed with prominent spines and are white, large, in pairs, often hollow and are associated with ants. Bark reddish-brown. Branchlets are glabrous. Leaves up to 3 cm long, petiloe gland near the middle. Pinnae with 2-4 pairs with leaflets 8-12 pairs, ciliate along margin to about 4 mm long. Flowers are in spikes, white or yellow. Pod is flat, slightly bent, dehiscent and subacute at apex.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : August-February
  • Comments : In foothills of scrub jungles and deciduous belts of the Eastern Ghats.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bellary district (Karnataka State); Pacchamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Pulivalam Forest (Tiruchirapalli district), Villipuram district, Dharmapuri district, Tiruvannamalai district, Kolli Hills (Namakkal district) (Tamil Nadu State); Visakhapatnam district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district, Guntur district (Andhra Pradesh State); Ganjam district, Koraput district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, Tropical Africa, Myanmar; Introduced in South America
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2001 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.; Neginhal, S.G., Forest Trees of the Western Ghats includes Eastern Ghats and Deccan Plateau. 2011.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Acacia horrida. Downloaded on 3 July 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.