Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.) Merr.

  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Salicaceae
  • Species : Flacourtia indica
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Flacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merr.
  • Common name : Governer's Plum, Madagascar Plum
  • Vernacular name : Katahi, Bilangoa, Kanjubainch (Hin.); Mulluthare, Miradi (Kan.); Kodikkarai (Tam.); Kanregu, Kuragayi, Putikatada (Tel.); Baincho, Sanobainchi, Kontadhwara, Mamuri, Balibaincho, Kontaikuli (Ori.); Aghori, Vikankata, Kanchu, Bilangra (San.)
  • Key identification features : A small, thorny, deciduous shrub. Sometimes bears leaves and flowers on thorns. Leaves are obovate with serrate or entire margin. Flowers are small, dioecious, greenish-yellow, in racemes. Fruit is a globose berry.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : December-August
  • Comments : Common in Eastern Ghats on hills of deciduous forests from 500-1350 m. Fruit is edible and eaten raw, used in jaundice and enlarged spleen. Bark is astringent and diuretic. (Franklin & Murthy, 2013)
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : Tropical Africa, India, South-East Asia, Polynesia
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar (2015). Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of northern Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(8): 7443-7459
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Flacourtia indica. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.