Scolopia crenata (Wight & Arn.) Clos

 
  • Family : FLACOURTIACEAE
    (FLACOURTIA FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Salicaceae
  • Species : Scolopia crenata
  • Basionym : Phoberos crenatus Wight & Arn.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved
  • Common name : The 'Potato' Plum of Mysore
  • Vernacular name : Kodali mara, Malekakkade (Kan.); Sekkada, Purushakesari (Tam.); Putta pondru (Tel.)
  • Key identification features : Small evergreen tree up to 10 m tall. Bark is smooth, grey and rough. Stem is armed with spines. Leaves, ovate, ovate-lanceolate, with margin glandular, serrate-crenate. Flowers are white, fragrant, in lax, puberulous, 3-5 cm long. Berry shiny, green, globose. Seeds ovoid, 2-6.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : April-December
  • Comments : Rare in evergreen forests above 900 m and also in sholas of Eastern Ghats. Bark is diuretic, locals use the young fruit to treat night blindness and flowers are used in treatment of eye diseases. (Franklin & Murthy, 2013)
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district) (Tamil Nadu State); Kadapa district, Tirumala Hill (Chittoor district) (Andhra Pradesh State)
  • World Distribution : India to Malesia
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; Sankar,R.V., R. Kottaimuthu & K. Ravikumar (2009). Additions to the flora of Sirumalai Hills, Eastern Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(7): 379-381; Franklin Benjamin & G.V.S.Murthy, 2013. Flora of Sri Venkateswara National Park, Andhra Pradesh, BSI.; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Scolopia crenata. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.