Leucas martinicensis (Jacq.) R.Br.

 
  • Family : LAMIACEAE
    (MINT FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Species : Leucas martinicensis
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Leucas martinicensis (Jacq.) R.Br.
  • Common name : WhiteWort
  • Vernacular name : Perumthumbai (Tam.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-384
  • Collector(s) Name : K.R.K.Swamy
  • Collection Date : 13/04/14
  • Collection Locality : Batrepalli, Anantapur district, Andhra Pradesh State
  • Habitat : Deciduous forest
  • Key identification features : A large, stout, hairy herb up to 1 m tall. Leaves are membranous, oblong, blade serrate. Verticils are about 2.5 cm across, axillary and globose. Flowers are sessile, numerous, floral leaves decreasing upwards. Bracts are narrowly, linear-lanceolate or subulate. Calyx tubular and sigmoidly curved. Corolla small, white, with both lips equal. Fruit is a nutlet, ovoid, dark brown and shining.
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Flower, Fruit : November-March
  • Comments : Occasional on hills above 800 m, in moist places, abundant in wastelands, fallow fields or a weed of cultivation.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bellary district (Karnataka State); Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district) (Tamil Nadu State); Tirumala Hills, Horsley Hills (Chittoor district), Kurnool district, Visakhapatnam district (Andhra Pradesh State); Koraput district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : Tropical America, Africa, India, Indo-China, Malesia
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Leucas martinicensis. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.