Ocimum basilicum var. basilicum

  • Family : LAMIACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Species : Ocimum basilicum
  • Variety : basilicum
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ocimum basilicum L.
  • Common name : Sweet Basil
  • Vernacular name : Babul (Hin.); Kamakastoori (Kan.); Bhutulasi, Rudra jada (Tel.); Barbari (San.)
  • Key identification features : A stout herbaceous plant, strongly aromatic. Leaves are ovate-lanceolate, cuneate at base, acute at apex, entire or crenulate, pubescent or glabrous. Racemes are terminal, usually branched at base, floral leaves and bracts are usually dark purple in colour. Flowering calyx are up to 6 mm long. Upper lip is broadly ovate-orbicular. Corolla long, white or pale purple. Nutlets mucilaginous when wetted.
  • Habit : Herb
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the Year
  • Comments : Often on plains to 1000 m, as a colonizer of wastelands and arable fields.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : Warmer parts of Asia, Africa, America; Cultivated and Naturalized elsewhere
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Ocimum basilicum var. basilicum. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.