Ocimum gratissimum L.

  • Family : LAMIACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Species : Ocimum gratissimum
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ocimum gratissimum L.
  • Common name : Wild Basil, Shrubby Basil
  • Vernacular name : Elumicchan thulasi (Tam.); Nimma tulasi, Ram tulasi (Tel.); Ban Tulsi (Ori.)
  • Key identification features : A much branched, aromatic subshrub up to 2 m high. Branchlets are quadrangular, glabrescent, grooved. Leaves are membranous, ovate to elliptic-obovate, pubescent on the nerves above, sparsely hairy on the nerves beneath. Verticillasters are about 6-flowered, pubescent on the nerves above, sparsely hairy beneath. Calyx bi-lipped, 1�, upper lip is rounded, prominently nerved above. Corolla white, with acute lobes. Stigma is bifid, villous on the upper half. Nutlet is yellowish-brown, subglobose, minutely verrucose.
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Flower, Fruit : December-January
  • Comments : Often in plains, near habitations to 900 m.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district) (Tamil Nadu State); Simhachalam Hills (Visakhapatnam district) (Andhra Pradesh State); Ganjam district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : Tropical Africa, Sri Lanka, India, Himalaya, Thailand, Malaysia, Tropical America
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Sankar,R.V., R. Kottaimuthu & K. Ravikumar (2009). Additions to the flora of Sirumalai Hills, Eastern Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(7): 379-381.; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Ocimum gratissimum. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.