Ocimum sanctum L.

  • Family : LAMIACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Species : Ocimum sanctum
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ocimum tenuiflorum L.
  • Common name : Holy Basil, Sacred Basil
  • Vernacular name : Kalatulsi (Hin.); Tulasi, Sri Tulasi (Kan.); Nallathulasi (Tam.); Tulasi, Manchi tulasi, Nalla tulasi (Tel.); Tulsi (San.)
  • Key identification features : An erect much branched undershrub, pubescent. Leaves are elliptic-oblong, obtuse or acute at apex, entire or serrate, pubescent. Racemes are simple or branched at base. Calyx is about 3 mm, corolla is up to 4.5 mm, red or purple. Nutlets are not mucilagenous when wetted.
  • Habit : Herb
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the Year
  • Comments : On plains, especially towards the gravelly ground. Often cultivated near houses and places of worship.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Himalaya, South-west Asia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Thailand, Malaysia; Cultivated
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Ocimum sanctum. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.