Azadirachta indica A.Juss.

 
  • Family : MELIACEAE
    (MAHOGANY FAMILY OR NEEM FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Meliaceae
  • Species : Azadirachta indica
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Azadirachta indica A.Juss.
  • Common name : The Neem Tree, Margosa Tree
  • Vernacular name : Nim, Neem (Hin.); Bevu mara, Bevina mara (Kan.); Veppa maram (Tam.); Yapa, Vepa (Tel.); Limba (Ori.); Nimba (San.)
  • Key identification features : A large evergreen tree with a spreading crown, either planted or self-sown. Bark brown and longitudinally fissured. Leaves are compound and the leaflets are somewhat oblique with toothed margin. Flowers are small, (0.5 cm), white and borne on drooping branched inflorescence. Fruit is about 1.5 cm long, single-seeded and green, yellowish when ripe. Seed is enclosed in a hard shell.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : March-September
  • Native : India, China
  • Comments : Often planted as a sacred tree around places of worship and sometimes in avenues.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : Tropical Asia
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka ; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Azadirachta indica. Downloaded on 3 July 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.