Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

 
  • Family : MORACEAE
    (MULBERRY FAMILY OR FIG FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Moraceae
  • Species : Artocarpus heterophyllus
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.
  • Common name : Jack Fruit Tree
  • Vernacular name : Kathal (Hin.); Halasu, Halsande, Halase hannu (Kan.); Palaa (Tam.); Panasa (Tel.); Panasa (Ori.); Panasah (San.)
  • Key identification features : A large evergreen tree with milky latex. Bark is smooth, dark, and exfoliating.The leaves are simple and bear two large stipules. Flowers are unisexual in separate inflorescences. The entire female inflorescence together with parts of individual flowers forms a large multiple fruit. Sepals and petals become fleshy and juicy to form the edible part of the fruit.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : December-July
  • Comments : On hills to 1300 m, in wild as well as in cultivation. Fruits are edible, young tender ones used in cooking, sometimes along with the seeds after they are dried.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • World Distribution : Cultivated in tropics.
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Artocarpus heterophyllus. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.