Ficus arnottiana (Miq.) Miq.

 
  • Family : MORACEAE
    (MULBERRY FAMILY OR FIG FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Moraceae
  • Species : Ficus arnottiana
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ficus arnottiana (Miq.) Miq.
  • Common name : Indian Rock Fig
  • Vernacular name : Paras Pipal (Hin.); Kalleshvatha, Bettadaarali (Kan.); Kodiarasu (Tam.); Kalla Raavi, Banda Raavi (Tel.); Paras Pipal, Jhinde, Plokhyo (Ori.); Kapitanah, Parisah (San.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-157
  • Collector(s) Name : K.Sankara Rao & K.R.K.Swamy
  • Collection Date : 27/11/14
  • Collection Locality : Sadasivakona Forest, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh State
  • Habitat : Deciduous forest
  • Key identification features : A small tree. Leaves are simple, leaf blade is up to 12 cm long, 9 cm broad, caudate, 5-7 basal nerve, lateral nerves of 8-12 pairs, petiole up to 14 cm long. Figs are clustered on tubercles on the stem, usually in the axils of the fallen leaves, globose, 6-8 cm across, glabrous and purple when ripe.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : August-April
  • Native : India
  • Comments : On hills above 800 m, often associated with rocks, inside sholas and bordering the ghats.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Kolar district (Karnataka State); Tamil Nadu State; Srikakulam district, Visakhapatnam district, East Godavari district, Kurnool district, Chittoor district (Andhra Pradesh State); Kalahandi district, Puri district, Sambalpur district, Mayurbhanj district, Cuttack district, Ganjam district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3 ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka ; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Ficus arnottiana. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.