Ficus benjamina L.

  • Family : MORACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Moraceae
  • Species : Ficus benjamina
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ficus benjamina L.
  • Common name : Benjamin Fig, Java Fig
  • Vernacular name : Malai-Ichi (Tam.); Konda golugu, Konda juvvi, Putra juvvi (Tel.)
  • Key identification features : A large tree with few or no aerial roots. Bark showing a characteristic pattern of lenticels. Leaves are ovate-elliptic, thinly coriaceous, bluntly acuminate at apex. Base is rounded and sub-acute, glabrous. Figs are in axillary pairs, sessile, globose or ovoid, smooth, 7-10 cm in diameter, red when ripe.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the Year
  • Native : West Asia, Mediterranean
  • Comments : Occasional in plains to hills up to 1000 m. A number of variants of this species are often found in gardens, avenues etc.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : Tropical & sub-Tropical Asia, Mediterranean; Introduced in Europe
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. benjamina. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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