Ficus exasperata Vahl

  • Family : MORACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Moraceae
  • Species : Ficus exasperata
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ficus exasperata Vahl
  • Common name : Sand Paper Tree
  • Vernacular name : Kalmnor (Hin.); Paaje, Gargatti (Kan.); Maramthinniathi, Paeperunkaai (Tam.); Karaka Bodda, Siri bodda (Tel.); Korito sano (Ori.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0658
  • Collector(s) Name : K.R.K.Swamy, Arun Singh R., Navendu Page & K.Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 25/03/16
  • Collection Locality : Semmedu, Kolli Hills, Namakkal district, Tamil Nadu State
  • Habitat : Stream banks of Mixed forest
  • Key identification features : A small tree. Bark is pale and lenticellate. Leaves are simple, elliptic-obovate, scabrid above and hispid beneath, lamina serrate, triplinerved, lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, up to 13 cm long, 6 cm broad. Stipules are caducous, petiole to 5 cm long. Figs are scabrid, usually solitary, axillary and globose.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : November-May
  • Comments : Often on hills above 1000 m.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bellary district (Karnataka State); Tamil Nadu State; Visakhapatnam district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Nellore district, Srikakulam district (Andhra Pradesh State); Dhenkanal district, Ganjam district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : East Africa, Arabia, India, Sri Lanka
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3 ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka ; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. exasperata. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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