Ficus racemosa L.

  • Family : MORACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Moraceae
  • Species : Ficus racemosa
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ficus racemosa L.
  • Common name : Cluster Fig, Country Fig, Gular Fig
  • Vernacular name : Gulair, Gular, Umar (Hin.); Atthimara (Kan.); Nalla atthi, Vellai atthi (Tam.); Udumbaramu, Atti, Bodda, Paidi, Marri chettu (Tel.); Dimri, Dimuri (Ori.); Udumbarah, Sadaphalah (San.)
  • Key identification features : A large evergreen tree with milky latex. Bole is buttressed. Leaves are simple, ovate, glossy-green (15-20 cm) and alternate. Galls are often seen on leaf. The yellow-orange edible figs are in clusters and are borne on the main trunk as well as on the upper branches. Bark is greyish-yellow, not very rough, with milky latex. The red furry figs are in clusters and are distinctive.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the Year
  • Comments : On plains to 1500 m in all kinds of habitats.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, South China, New Guinea, Australia
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3 ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka ; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. racemosa. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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