Ficus religiosa L.

 
  • Family : MORACEAE
    (MULBERRY FAMILY OR FIG FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Moraceae
  • Species : Ficus religiosa
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ficus religiosa L.
  • Common name : Peepal Tree, Sacred Fig
  • Vernacular name : Ppipal, Pipli, Pipar (Hin.); Ashwathamara, Arali mara (Kan.); Arasamaram (Tam.); Ashvathamu, Bodi, Pippali, Raavi, Rai (Tel.); Pipal, Pipalo, Aswatta, Jori, Asto (Ori.); Ashwatha, Pipalah, Ashvattah (San.)
  • Key identification features : A large deciduous tree. The characteristic heart-shaped leaves are long-petioled with the apex drawn into a tail-like structure. Figs are globose, small and purplish when ripe. Bark yellowish or grey-brown, smooth becoming scaly with age.The glossy long-tipped leaves hanging down from extended petioles are distinctive and clatter noisely in the slightest breeze.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : April-October
  • Comments : Often on plains to 1200 m. Sometimes planted near temples.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : Himalaya, India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, China, Myanmar, Yunan, Thailand, Malaysia
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka ; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Ficus religiosa. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.