Olea paniculata R.Br.

  • Family : OLEACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Oleaceae
  • Species : Olea paniculata
  • Synonym : Olea glandulifera Wall. ex G.Don
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Olea paniculata R.Br.
  • Vernacular name : Perumpungu, Pasumurigu (Tam.); Kunde, Naravellu, Kunthy, Kaliki chettu (Tel.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-25; HJCB-0636
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R., Karuppusamy & Tilakar M.; K.R.K.Swamy, Arun Singh R., Navendu Page & K.Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 17/06/14; 24/03/2016
  • Collection Locality : Sirumalai Hills, Dindigal district, Tamil Nadu State; Kolli Hills Ghat road, Namakkal district, Tamil Nadu State
  • Habitat : Moist deciduous forest
  • Key identification features : Densely foliaceous evergreen tree, 12-15 m tall. Trunk is short, crown broad. Leaves are chartaceous, rhomboid, lanceolate with two glandular-domatias present along the midrib of the leaf. Flowers are white, mildly fragrant in axillary and terminal panicles. Calyx 4-lobed, corolla rotate-campanulate, 4-lobed, valvate and spreading. Drupe is purplish black, ovoid, pendulous.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : March-August
  • Comments : Rare, on hills along banks of streams, in shady ravines and in sholas up to 1500 m.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district, former North Arcot), Melagiri Hills (Dharmapuri district) (Tamil Nadu State); Talakona R.F. (Chittoor district), Visakhapatnam district (Andhra Pradesh State); Mahendragiri Hills (Ganjam district) (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, Nepal, Java, New Guinea to New Caledonia, Australia
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; Sankar,R.V., R. Kottaimuthu & K. Ravikumar (2009). Additions to the flora of Sirumalai Hills, Eastern Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(7): 379-381; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Olea paniculata. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.