Semecarpus anacardium L.f.

 
  • Family : ANACARDIACEAE
    (MANGO FAMILY or CASHEW FAMILY or SUMAC FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Anacardiaceae
  • Species : Semecarpus anacardium
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved
  • Common name : Indian Marking Nut Tree, Oriental Cashew Nut, Dhobi Nut Tree
  • Vernacular name : Bhelwa, Bhelva (Hin.); Kari geru (Kan.); Cheran kottai, Shenkottai (Tam.); Nallajidi, Bhallatiki, Chakalijidi (Tel.); Bhalia, Balia (Ori.); Bhalataka (San.)
  • Key identification features : A medium-sized deciduous tree. Leaves are large, coriaceous, obovate-oblong. Flowers in panicles, greenish-white, small and polygamous. Calyx is deeply divided. Stamens are smaller in female flowers. Thalamus is fleshy. The fruit is a resinous nut. Bark is dark brown, exfoliating in irregular patches.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : May-September
  • Comments : On hills of deciduous forests up to 1000 m.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bellary district, Kolar district (Karnataka State); Pacchamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district, former North Arcot) (Tamil Nadu State); Visakhapatnam district, Talakona R.F., Tirumala Hills (Chittoor district), Ramannapenta R.F. (Kurnool district), East Godavari district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district (Andhra Pradesh State); Similipal Hills (Mayurbhanj district) (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : Africa, Tropical Himalayas,India, China, Myanmar, Singapore, Malayan archipelago, Northern Australia
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; Sankar,R.V., R. Kottaimuthu & K. Ravikumar (2009). Additions to the flora of Sirumalai Hills, Eastern Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 1(7): 379-381.; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar (2015). Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of northern Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(8): 7443-7459
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Semecarpus anacardium. Downloaded on 10 July 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.