Spondias pinnata (L.f.) Kurz

  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Anacardiaceae
  • Species : Spondias pinnata
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Spondias pinnata (L. f.) Kurz
  • Common name : Indian Hog-Plum, Wild Mango
  • Vernacular name : Amra, Jangli Aam (Hin.); Ambate, Amte-kaai mara (Kan.); Mampulichai, Kattumaavu (Tam.); Adavimaamidi, Touramaamidi, Konda Mamidi (Tel.); Ambada, Ambota, Amta (Ori.); Aamrataka (San.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0651
  • Collector(s) Name : K.R.K.Swamy, Arun Singh R., Navendu Page & K.Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 25/03/16
  • Collection Locality : Kolli Hills Ghat road, Namakkal district, Tamil Nadu State
  • Habitat : Deciduous forest
  • Key identification features : A small deciduous tree. Leaves are large up to 45 cm. long, pinnately compound with 7-13 leaflets which are smooth, ovate with acute apex, slightly asymmetrical at the base. Flowers are tiny, whitish in dense panicles. Both male and female flowers are borne on the same plant. Fruit is an ovoid drupe with 1-5 seeds, green but ripening yellow. Bark is brown with faint longitudinal fissures.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : February-June
  • Comments : Rare in moist deciduous forests and plains. Occasionally planted in estates and gardens. The fruits are edible and often pickled.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Visakhapatnam district, West Godavari district, Kadapa district, Chittoor district (Andhra Pradesh State); Melagiri Hills ((Dharmapuri district) (Tamil Nadu State); Similipal Hills (Mayurbhanj district) (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, Malesia, Java, Philippines
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar (2015). Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of northern Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(8): 7443-7459
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Spondias pinnata. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.