Annona squamosa L.

 
  • Family : ANNONACEAE
    (CUSTARD-APPLE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Annonaceae
  • Species : Annona squamosa
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Annona squamosa L.
  • Common name : Custard Apple
  • Vernacular name : Sitha-phal, Saripha (Hin.); Sitha-phala (Kan.); Seetha (Tam.); Sithaphalamu, Sitapandu (Tel.); Ata (Ori.); Shubha (San.)
  • Key identification features : A small tree that occurs wild and also cultivated for its edible fruit. Leaves are simple, oblong with several lateral veins. Flowers are yellowish-green, several in leaf-opposed cymes. Petals and sepals are sepaloid and fleshy. Stamens are many with hooded anthers. Fruits are green, globose with well-marked areoles. The pulp is sweet in the ripe fruit. Seeds are many, brownish-black and hard. Bark is greyish, not very rough.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : March-December
  • Native : Central America, West Indies
  • Comments : Cultivated widely in Tropics for its edible fruits.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats.
  • World Distribution : Cultivated in most parts of the world.
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District ; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Annona squamosa. Downloaded on 16 July 2020.

Description

Line Drawings

Field Images

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.