Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br.

 
  • Family : APOCYNACEAE
    (DOGBANE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Species : Alstonia scholaris
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br.
  • Common name : Scholar Tree, Devil Tree, Shaitaanwood Tree, Blackboard Tree, Milkwood Pine, White Cheesewood, Dita Bark, 7-leaved Cactus
  • Vernacular name : Chattiyan, Saitaan ka Jhat (Hin.); Haale mara (Kan.); Aedakularite chettu, Edakulapala, Edkulashettu, Palgaruda, Edakula ponna (Tel.); Aegaalimaram, Aezhilaikalli (Tam.); Chhatin, Chhatian, Khironula, Sapta parna (Ori.); Saptachada (San.)
  • Key identification features : A large evergreen native tree with bitter milky latex. Leaves are simple, bright green on the upper side and greyish-white beneath. They occur clustered (4-7) around each node. Flowers are small (1-1.5 cm. long), greenish-white, sweet-scented and occur in dense tightly packed clusters. Stamens with short filaments are inserted near the throat of the corolla tube. A pair of fruits develops from each flower, which are long (20-50 cm.), slender and pendulous. Seeds are papery and hairy at both ends. Bark grey-brown, rough, lenticellate.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : June-January
  • Comments : Rare, in mixed deciduous forests. Often planted in avenues and gardens.
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • World Distribution : Tropical Africa, Asia, Australaisa
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Alstonia scholaris. Downloaded on 16 July 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.