Carissa carandas L.

 
  • Family : APOCYNACEAE
    (DOGBANE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Species : Carissa carandas
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Carissa carandas L.
  • Common name : Christ's Thorn, Bengal Currants, Jasmine flowered Carissa
  • Vernacular name : Karando, Karaunda (Hin.); Karande gida (Kan.); Kilaakkaai, Kalakkay (Tam.); Pedda kalivi, Pedda vakakaya, Kali-kai, Vaaka, Kalivi, Vaka (Tel.): Kerenda Koli, Anku Koli (Ori.); Karamardaka, Krishna phala (San.)
  • Collection Nos : RRLB 7074
  • Collector(s) Name : M. Brahmam & N. C. Rout
  • Collection Date : 30/04/91
  • Collection Locality : Kalahandi district, Gadgala fall, Gajam district, Odisha
  • Key identification features : Evergreen thorny shrub. Thorns to 3 cm long, Leaves elliptic-oblong, sometimes orbicular, apex obtuse or emarginate, glabrous on both sides. Flowers are white, in axillary or terminal corymbose cymes; calyx lobes 5, unequal, corolla tube up to 1.2 cm long, glabrous without, villous within. Fruit ellipsoid, ovoid, 6.2 mm diam., seed 1 per cell.
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Flower, Fruit : March-October
  • Comments : On plains in scrub jungles to 900 m, on river banks etc. Sometimes cultivated for its edible fruits.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Kolar district (Karnataka State); Gingee Hills (Villupuram district), Dharmapuri district, Javadhu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district, former North Arcot), Cuddalore district (Tamil Nadu State); Srikakulam district, Visakhapatnam district, East Godavari district, Kadapa district, West Godavari district, Krishna district, Chittoor district (Andhra Pradesh State); Kalahandi district, Ganjam district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Myanmar, Malaysia; Cultivated in other tropics
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Carissa carandas. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

Herbarium Specimen(s)

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  • DrSKM BASHA 2020-03-23 04:06:27

    Armed shrub or smalltree Fruits are eaten unripe ones used for pickles these are distributed in nellore district Udayagiri Venkatagiriand sri penusila narsimha wild life sanctury
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Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.