Carissa spinarum L.

  • Family : APOCYNACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Species : Carissa spinarum
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Carissa spinarum L.
  • Common name : Small Carissa
  • Vernacular name : Karonda, Karaunda (Hin.); Sirukilaa (Tam.); Palaregi, Kalivi, Chinna kalivi, Chinna vaaka (Tel.); Auka kuli, Ankhu-koli, Dud koli, San karenda, Pham pham mali (Ori.); Karamarada (San.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0499
  • Collector(s) Name : K.Sankara Rao, Navendu Page, Arun Singh R. & K.Raja Swamy
  • Collection Date : 24/02/16
  • Collection Locality : Chandaka-Dampada Wildlife Sanctuary, Khurda district, Odisha State
  • Habitat : Scrub forest
  • Key identification features : Scandent shrub with forked spines. Leaves elliptic-ovate, apex acute or mucronate. Flowers are white or slightly rose-coloured, scented, in few-flowered terminal or axillary cymes. corolla thinly pubescent. Berry globose, about0.8 cm across, pointed, 4-seeded, black-purple when ripe.
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Flower, Fruit : February-July
  • Comments : On plains to 900 m in scrub jungles, on degraded slopes, etc.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. spinarum. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Images


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at