Carissa spinarum L.

 
  • Family : APOCYNACEAE
    (DOGBANE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Species : Carissa spinarum
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Carissa spinarum L.
  • Common name : Small Carissa
  • Vernacular name : Karonda, Karaunda (Hin.); Sirukilaa (Tam.); Palaregi, Kalivi, Chinna kalivi, Chinna vaaka (Tel.); Auka kuli, Ankhu-koli, Dud koli, San karenda, Pham pham mali (Ori.); Karamarada (San.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0499
  • Collector(s) Name : K.Sankara Rao, Navendu Page, Arun Singh R. & K.Raja Swamy
  • Collection Date : 24/02/16
  • Collection Locality : Chandaka-Dampada Wildlife Sanctuary, Khurda district, Odisha State
  • Habitat : Scrub forest
  • Key identification features : Scandent shrub with forked spines. Leaves elliptic-ovate, apex acute or mucronate. Flowers are white or slightly rose-coloured, scented, in few-flowered terminal or axillary cymes. corolla thinly pubescent. Berry globose, about0.8 cm across, pointed, 4-seeded, black-purple when ripe.
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Flower, Fruit : February-July
  • Comments : On plains to 900 m in scrub jungles, on degraded slopes, etc.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Carissa spinarum. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.