Gardenia turgida Roxb.

 
  • Family : RUBIACEAE
    (COFFEE FAMILY OR MADDER FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rubiaceae
  • Species : Gardenia turgida
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ceriscoides turgida (Roxb.) Tirveng.
  • Common name : Spinous Cape Jasmine
  • Vernacular name : Khurrur, Ghurga, Thanella (Hin.); Bonagaare (Kan.); Yerribikki, Tella kokkita, Manjunda, Konda manga, Karinguva, Botakari, Pedda bikki (Tel.); Kurdu, Bhamenia, Dhobelkirat, Dhobai, Bamunia (Ori.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0466
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R., K.R.K.Swamy, Navendu Page & K.Sankara Rao
  • Collection Date : 24/02/16
  • Collection Locality : Chandaka-Dampada Wildlife Sanctuary, Khurda district, Odisha State
  • Habitat : Deciduous forest
  • Key identification features : A small deciduous tree, up to 8m high, young branches are yellowish and armed with strong straight thorns. Bark is smooth and bluish-grey. Leaves are simple, oblong and glabrous above, velvety tomentose beneath. Flowers arise on young, leafless shoots, male flowers occuring in fascicles and females are solitary; calyx turbinate and corolla glabrous. Fruit is an ovoid berry with bluntly pointed tip.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : March-June; November-January
  • Comments : On hills of lower slopes from 300-600 m, on very dry and full sun-exposed slopes.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Tamil Nadu State; Srikakulam district, East Godavari district, Kurnool district (Andhra Pradesh State); Khammam district (Telangana State); Koraput district, Puri district, Chandaka Wildlife Sanctuary (Khurda district), Ganjam district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1 ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Gardenia turgida. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.