Limonia acidissima L.

 
  • Family : RUTACEAE
    (CITRUS FAMILY OR RUE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Rutaceae
  • Species : Limonia acidissima
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Limonia acidissima Groff
  • Common name : Wood Apple
  • Vernacular name : Kaith, Kaatbelh (Hin.); Belada mara, Belavala mara (Kan.); Velamaram (Tam.); Velaga, Tor-elaga (Tel.); Kaitho, Behenta, Bhenda, Koito, Koeta (Ori.); Kapitthah (San.)
  • Key identification features : A deciduous thorny tree. Bark thin, greenish-grey, smooth. Leaves are pinnately compound and aromatic. Flowers are small (2- 2.2 cm across) and arranged in panicles. Stamens are 10-12 and are differently coloured. Fruits are large, globose, of the size of a tennis ball with hard shell. Bark is grey, scaly with shallow ridges and furrows.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : January-May
  • Comments : On foothills of scrub jungles and hills up to 1000 m. Occasionally cultivated for its fruits.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Kolar district (Karnataka State); Kolli Hills (Namakkal district) (Tamil Nadu State); East Godavari district, Visakhapatnam district, West Godavari district, Prakasham district, Kurnool district, Kadapa district (Andhra Pradesh State); Angul district, Cuttack district, Puri district, Nayagarh district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Java, Indo-China
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1 ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Limonia acidissima. Downloaded on 8 August 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.