Lepisanthes tetraphylla (Vahl) Radlk.

  • Family : SAPINDACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Sapindaceae
  • Species : Lepisanthes tetraphylla
  • Basionym : Sapindus tetraphyllus Vahl
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Unresolved
  • Common name : Wild Aphania
  • Vernacular name : Kaluhatta, Moolaga (Hin.); Kattupuvarasu, Nehotaa, Kuhamathi (Tam.); Korivi (Tel.); Panikusun (Ori.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-36
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R., Imran Baig, A.N.Sringeswara
  • Collection Date : 08/04/14
  • Collection Locality : Amirthi R.F., Vellore district, Tamil Nadu State
  • Habitat : Dry evergreen forest
  • Key identification features : A small tree with a spreading crown. Leaves are alternate, compound, exstipulate; leaflets about 2-3 pairs, elliptic-oblong, obtuse or emarginate. Inflorescence is a terminal or axillary thyrse. Flowers are 1-1.2 cm across, polygamous and slightly zygomorphic. Petals show scales, the outer reflexed and the inner laciniate. Fruit is yellow, velvety-tomentose, depressed at apex when ripe and 3-celled. Bark is yellowish-brown and relatively smooth.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : March-May
  • Comments : Common in evergreen and dry forests of Eastern Ghats.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Pacchamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Amirithi R.F. (Vellore district, former North Arcot), Javadhu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district, former North Arcot) (Tamil Nadu State); Nellore district, Punyagiri Hills (Visakhapatnam district), Chandragiri Hills (Chittoor district), Kurnool district, (Andhra Pradesh State)
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, China, Thailand, Vietnam, Malay Peninsula, Cambodia, Martinique
  • Literature : H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.; Pullaiah, T & Chennaiah, E., 1997. Flora of Andhra Pradesh. Vol. 1.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Lepisanthes tetraphylla. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.