Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken

 
  • Family : SAPINDACEAE
    (SOAPBERRY FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Sapindaceae
  • Species : Schleichera oleosa
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Merr.
  • Common name : Ceylon Oak, Macassar-Oil Tree
  • Vernacular name : Kusum, Kausum, Kasma (Hin.); Chendaalakota, Kendala, Sagade (Kan.); Poovam (Tam.); Puska, Busi, Bushi chettu, Modakapulusu, Botanga (Tel.); Kusum, Rusam, Swad kusum (Ori.); Mookulakah (San.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0455
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R., K.R.K.Swamy & Navendu Page
  • Collection Date : 23/02/16
  • Collection Locality : R.P.R.C. Gardens, Bhubaneswar, Odisha State
  • Key identification features : A moderate-sized deciduous tree. Leaves are large, compound with oblong leaflets, sessile, broader at the apex, which are reddish when young and dark-green when mature. Flowers are small in panicles at the nodes. Sepals are 5, yellowish. Fruit is grape or olive-shaped with a pointed beak, up to 3 cm. long, slightly prickly. Aril is edible. Bark is pale brown with irregularly cracked appearance.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : February-August
  • Comments : On hills above 500 m in deciduous forests. Oil from the seeds is valued for cooking and other purposes.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bellary district (Karnataka State); Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Dharmapuri district, Javadhu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district, former North Arcot) (Tamil Nadu State); Srikakulam district, Visakhapatnam district, Nellore district, Srikakulam district, West Godavari district (Andhra Pradesh State); Khurda district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : Tropical Himalaya, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China, Malesia, Sri Lanka
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District ; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka ; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar (2015). Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of northern Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(8): 7443-7459
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Schleichera oleosa. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.