Catharanthus pusillus (Murray) G.Don

 
  • Family : APOCYNACEAE
    (DOGBANE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Species : Catharanthus pusillus
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Catharanthus pusillus (Murray) G.Don
  • Common name : Indian Periwinkle
  • Vernacular name : Vishakanagile gida (Kan.); Paalaich chetthai (Tam.); Erri mirapa, Kaatuka kalugaku, Kanupoolaku, Gulvidi, Sukbanda (Tel.)
  • Key identification features : A small erect annual herb with several spreading branches. Stem is quadrangular with milky latex. Leaves are simple, opposite, lanceolate with a pointed tip. Flowers are small (less than 1 cm.), solitary or in pairs in leaf axils. Free lobes of the corolla are spreading and wheel-shaped. Fruit is a pair of long, slender, cylindrical follicles.
  • Habit : Herb
  • Flower, Fruit : July-January
  • Comments : On plains to 1400 m, sometimes a weed of cultivation. Also, as a colonizer in wastelands.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Tippukadu R.F. (Tiruvannamalai district, former North Arcot), Pakamalai R.F. (Salem district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district) (Tamil Nadu State); Veldurthi R.F. (Kurnool district), Rampa Hills (East Godavari district), Araku Valley (Visakhapatnam district), Chittoor district, Salur Forest (Srikakulam district), Prakasham district (Andhra Pradesh State); Ganjam district, Similipal Hills (MYB, Kalahandi district , Cuttack district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Literature : Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Catharanthus pusillus. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.