Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia (Roxb.) Chevalier

  • Family : SAPOTACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Sapotaceae
  • Species : Madhuca longifolia
  • Variety : latifolia
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia (Roxb.) A.Chev.
  • Common name : Indian Butter Tree
  • Vernacular name : Mahua, Mohwa, Mauwa (Hin.); Ippe mara (Kan.); Kaattu iluppai (Tam.); Ippa chettu, Ippi, Madhookamu (Tel.); Moha, Madgi, Mahula, Mahua (Ori.); Mahua (San.)
  • Key identification features : A large deciduous tree with milky latex and spreading branches. Leaves are crowded at the branch ends, cream-coloured. Flowers (1.5 cm) are borne in dense drooping fascicles at the ends of branches. Fruit (5 cm) is fleshy and orange when ripe. Bark is grey, rough and scaly.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : December-July
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • Comments : Occasional in plains of scrub jungles and deciduous slopes up to 900 m. Flowers are sweet scented with nectar. A range of parasitic Loranthus spp. are common on this tree.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar (2015). Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of northern Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(8): 7443-7459
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. longifolia var. latifolia. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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