Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.) Dubard

  • Family : SAPOTACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Sapotaceae
  • Species : Manilkara hexandra
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.) Dubard
  • Common name : Obtuse-leaved mimusops, The Ceylon Ironwood
  • Vernacular name : Khirni (Hin.); Kirani mara, Kariyani mara, Bakula (Kan.); Kanupala, Karupala, Paalai, Ulakkaipaalai (Tam.); Puttapala, Pala nemmi, Manchipala, Palachettu, Kanupala, Nimmi pala (Tel.); Khiri, Khirokuli (Ori.); Khirni, Raajaadanah (San.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0229; HJCB-0411
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R., K.R.K.Swamy & K.Sankara Rao; K.Sankara Rao, Arun Singh R. & K.R.K.Swamy
  • Collection Date : 27/11/2014; 26/11/2015
  • Collection Locality : Sadasivakona Forest, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh State; Palamner R.F., Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh State
  • Habitat : Deciduous forest
  • Key identification features : A large tree. Bark blackish-grey, smooth when young with conical protuberances. Leaves are broadly ovate, obtuse to emarginate at apex, cuneate at base and glabrous. Flowers are pale-yellow, axillary, fascicled on slender curved peduncles. Sepals are ovate, pubescent outside. Corolla-tube is very short, main lobes are elliptic, lateral segments are linear-lanceolate. Staminodes are shorter than filaments of stamens, bifid. Berry is reddish-yellow, ellipsoid and smooth. Seed is solitary.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : September-July
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka
  • Comments : On plains in scrub jungles and deciduous forests up to 500 m and above. Prefers sandy loam or loamy soils and often shows a stunted shrubby growth under drought conditions. Seeds yeild oil.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Siam, Indo-China, Hainan, Malesia
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.; Neginhal, S.G., Forest Trees of the Western Ghats includes Eastern Ghats and Deccan Plateau. 2011.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. hexandra. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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