Mimusops elengi L.

  • Family : SAPOTACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Sapotaceae
  • Species : Mimusops elengi
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Mimusops elengi L.
  • Common name : Indian Medlar, Bullet wood Tree
  • Vernacular name : Bakul, Maulsari, Malsari (Hin.); Renje mara, Pagadi mara, Baaglu mara (Kan.); Makizham, Magizhamaram (Tam.); Vakulamu, Pogada, Bogada, Pagada, Kesara (Tel.); Bakul, Baula, Baulo, Bakulo Baula, Kirakuli (Ori.); Bakula (San.)
  • Key identification features : A handsome evergreen tree with milky latex and tender vegetative parts covered with brown hairs. Leaves are simple, alternate, glossy-green with wavy margins. The fascicled flowers are small (1.5 cm), white and sweet-scented. Petals are many. Corollary corona with several ray-like lobes that makes the flower look very attractive. Fruit is a berry, green at first, turning red-yellow when ripe. Bark is dark grey, faintly fissured.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : March-September
  • Comments : On hills above 500 m, often in ravines. Often planted in plains from the coast for very fragrant flowers.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Hawaii, Northern Australia, New Caledonia
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2 ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Mimusops elengi. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.