Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don

 
  • Family : APOCYNACEAE
    (DOGBANE FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Species : Catharanthus roseus
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Catharanthus roseus (L.) G.Don
  • Common name : Periwinkle
  • Vernacular name : Sadabahar, Nayantara (Hin.); Sadapushpa, Nithyapushpa (Kan.); Nithyakalyaani, Kasarali (Tam.); Billa Ganneru, Nitya kalyani, Nitya sumangali (Tel.); Sada bihari, Ainskati (Ori.); Sadhapushpa (San.)
  • Key identification features : A much-branched shrub with smooth grey stem having milky latex. Leaves are shining green, elliptic with narrow base and blunt apex. Flowers are in bunches at branch ends. The corolla has a long slender tube and 5 spreading lobes, white or coloured. Fruit is a pair of slender follicles. Grows on roadside and waste places.
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the Year
  • Native : Madagascar
  • Comments : Widely cultivated in gardens and household, also as an escape in cleared land and degraded forests. Extracts of the plant are medicinal.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : Madagascar; Naturalized in tropics
  • Literature : Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Catharanthus roseus. Downloaded on 10 July 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.