Limnophila indica (L.) Druce

  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Plantaginaceae
  • Species : Limnophila indica
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Limnophila indica (L.) Druce
  • Vernacular name : Burada bokkena, Kuttra (Tel.)
  • Key identification features : Small aquatic herbs. Stem is slender, puberulous or glabrous. Leaves are 3-nerved, punctate and the emergent leaves are serrulate to lobed. Flowers are solitary, axillary or racemed. Corolla is pale-white with limb tinged pink, red or purple.
  • Habit : Herb
  • Flower, Fruit : September-February
  • Comments : Gregarious, highly branched herb forming dense mats.
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Distribution Locality : Kolar district (Karnataka State); Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district, former North Arcot), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivagangai district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villupuram district), Javadhu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district, former North Arcot) (Tamil Nadu State); Palakonda Hills (Kadapa district), Anantapur district, Gani R.F. (Kurnool district), Chittoor district (Andhra Pradesh State); Nuapada district, Sambalpur district, Koraput district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : Africa, Iraq, India, Sri Lanka, South-East Asia, Malaysia, China, Australia
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2 ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. indica. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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