Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.

  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Simaroubaceae
  • Species : Ailanthus excelsa
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ailanthus excelsa Roxb.
  • Common name : Heaven Tree, Tree of Heaven
  • Vernacular name : Maharuk, Ghorneem (Hin.); Heb'bevu, Moosi mara (Kan.); Pee maram, Perumaram (Tam.); Pedda maanu (Tel.); Mahanim, Mahal, Mahalimba (Ori.)
  • Key identification features : A lofty tree with large pinnately compound alternate leaves, which are crowded at the branch ends. Bark light greyish-brown, fibrous or granular, rough. Leaflets are about 8-14 pairs, very variable in shape and with irregularly toothed margin. Flowers are small and appear in large lax often with much-branched inflorescences, unisexual and greenish-yellow. Fruits are winged and wings with many nerves.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : December-July
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan
  • Comments : On plains to hills up to 1000 m in scrub and deciduous forests. Often planted for the softwood which is used in the maufacture of match sticks, catamarans etc.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Visakhapatnam district, East Godavari district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district, Kurnool district (Andhra Pradesh State); Ganjam district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar (2015). Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of northern Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(8): 7443-7459
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. excelsa. Downloaded on 3 July 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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