Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston

 
  • Family : SIMAROUBACEAE
    (QUASSIA FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Simaroubaceae
  • Species : Ailanthus triphysa
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston
  • Common name : White Palle
  • Vernacular name : Dhup (Hin.); Gugguldhupa (Kan.); Gugguladhupa (San.)
  • Key identification features : A single-stemmed tree. Bole is cylindrical, attaining a height of 30 m and dia. of 1.2 m. Branchlets are covered with many leaf scars. Young stems are pubescent. Leaves are pinnate, large, 45-60 cm long and crowded at branch ends; leaflets are about 5-10 pairs, ovate-oblong, sickle-shaped, 7.5-15 and 2.5-5 cm, thin, shiny, glabrous and glaucous beneath, very oblique at the base. Flowers are greenish-white, polygamous, in lax axillary panicles. Calyx lobes are minute, pubescent, triangular and acute. Petals are about 0.4 cm long, glabrous and oblong-lanceolate. Fruit is a samara, 5-7.5 cm long, reddish-brown, flat and membranous. Seed is compressed and circular. Bark grey, rough, thick with resin grains.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments : In evergreen forests. The wood is used for matchwood and plywood.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Visakhapatnam district (Andhra Pradesh State)
  • World Distribution : India, Andaman Islands (India), Myanmar, Sri Lanka, China, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia and Australia
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Ailanthus triphysa. Downloaded on 3 July 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.