Solanum nigrum L.

 
  • Family : SOLANACEAE
    (NIGHTSHADE FAMILY OR BRINJAL FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Solanaceae
  • Species : Solanum nigrum
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Solanum americanum Mill.
  • Common name : Black nightshade
  • Vernacular name : Kamuni, Makoi (Hin.); Kakki hannu soppu (Kan.); Milaguthakkali, Karuntha, Manathakkalli, Kaasithazhai (Tam.); Kasi, Kamanchi, Gajju chettu, Kachchi pundu (Tel.); Nunununi, Thutguna (Ori.)
  • Key identification features : Unarmed herb. Leaves are broadly ovate, entire or slightly lobed. Flowers are white, extra-axillary in umbellate cymes, 4-8 flowered. Fruit is a black berry.
  • Habit : Herb
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the Year
  • Native : Old World tropics
  • Comments : Cultivated all over the Ghats for its edible leaves and berries which are used in traditional cooking. Sometimes as a weed of wastelands. Young fruits are used in the treatment of jaundice.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : Cosmopolitan
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Solanum nigrum. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.