Solanum violaceum Ortega

 
  • Family : SOLANACEAE
    (NIGHTSHADE FAMILY OR BRINJAL FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Solanaceae
  • Species : Solanum violaceum
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Solanum violaceum Ortega
  • Common name : Poison berry
  • Vernacular name : Ban bhata, Bhat kaira, Birhatta, Barhanta (Hin.); Mullu Sundekaayi, Kaadu Badnekaayi, Ustikaayi (Kan.); Mulsundai (Tam.); Jiddumunaja chettu, Tella mulaka, Kakamunchi (Tel.); Kantra, Denga bheji, Bheji baigan (Ori.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-0028 & HJCB-0052
  • Collector(s) Name : K.R.K.Swamy & Arun Singh R.
  • Collection Date : 12/09/14; 13/09/2014
  • Collection Locality : Pudunur R.F., Javadhu Hills, Tiruvannamalai district, Tamil Nadu State; Toppur Village, Tiruvannamalai district, Tamil Nadu State
  • Key identification features : Armed with short spines, stellately tomentose and is a prickly under shrub. Leaf is shallowly lobed, ovate-oblong, somewhat oblique. Cymes are short, few-flowered or many flowered. Calyx is somewhat prickly, corolla is blue, slightly stellately hairy. Berries are globose, about a cm across, glabrous and yellow.
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the Year
  • Comments : Occasional in hills of Eastern Ghats.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bellary district, Kolar district (Karnataka State); Alagar Hills (Madurai district), Kolli Hills (Namakkal district), Shevaroy Hills (Salem district), Kalrayan Hills (Salem district), Pachamalai Hills (Tiruchirapalli district), Bodamalai Hills (Salem district), Chitteri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district), Yelagiri Hills (Vellore district, former North Arcot), Dharmapuri Hills (Dharmapuri district), Piranmalai Hills (Sivagangai district), Theerthamalai Hills (Dharmapuri district), Gingee Hill (Villupuram district), Javadhu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district, former North Arcot) (Tamil Nadu State)
  • World Distribution : Tropical Asia
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Solanum violaceum. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.