Aristolochia indica L.

 
  • Family : ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
    (BIRTHWORT FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Aristolochiaceae
  • Species : Aristolochia indica
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Aristolochia indica L.
  • Common name : Indian Birthwort
  • Vernacular name : Esharmul (Hin.); Eshwariballi (Kan.); Perumarunthukodi, Urikaykodi, Urikkalchedi, Thazhaisuruli kodi, Kozhikkundu (Tam.); Nagasara, Iswar veru (Tel.); Panairi, Panari, Gopakanna, Iswar mula, Oyidi, Bal-bolena (Ori.); Eshwari (San.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-151; KFP 2503
  • Collector(s) Name : Arun Singh R. & K.R.K.Swamy; C.J.Saldanha & S.R.Ramesh
  • Collection Date : 28/11/2014; 06/09/1978
  • Collection Locality : Tirumala Hills, Chittoor district, Andhra Pradesh State; B.R.Hills, Chamarajnagar district, Karnataka
  • Habitat : Deciduous forest
  • Key identification features : A shrubby twining plant with long slender stem. Leaves are very variable. Flowers are few in a bunch with pale greenish-white petals in a cylindrical tube having a trumpet-shaped mouth. Fruit is a brown globose oblong capsule. Seeds are flat and oval.
  • Habit : Climber
  • Flower, Fruit : July-February
  • Comments : Often on plains from the coast, on thickets in scrub jungles, on wayside by river banks etc.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (2). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Aristolochia indica. Downloaded on 16 July 2020.

Description

Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Images

Comments

All fields are required






 
Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.