Calotropis gigantea (L.) R.Br.

  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Species : Calotropis gigantea
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Calotropis gigantea (L.) Dryand.
  • Common name : Giant Milk-Weed, Giant Swallow wort, Madar Plant
  • Vernacular name : Mudar, Akoa, Ak, Akond, Akona (Hin.); Ekkada gida (Kan.); Erukku, Arkkam, Yerikan, Yerukku (Tam.); Tella jilledu, Racha jilledu, Jilledu (Tel.); Arko, Urak, Akand (Ori.); Arka (San.)
  • Key identification features : A perennial shrub with milky latex and simple leaves in opposite pairs. Flowers 4 cm across and showy. Fruit is a pair of follicles with innumerable seeds having white long silky hairs at one end.
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the Year
  • Comments : Occasional on plains to 1000 m, by wayside, in wastelands. A ready colonizer by roads.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Pakistan, Nepal, Tropical Himalaya, Malaysia, China
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. gigantea. Downloaded on 10 July 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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