Sonchus oleraceus L.

  • Family : ASTERACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Compositae
  • Species : Sonchus oleraceus
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Sonchus oleraceus (L.) L.
  • Common name : Common Sow Thistle, Milk Thistle
  • Vernacular name : Dudhi, Dodak, Titlia (Hin.); Oosithagarai (Tam.); Ratrinta (Tel.)
  • Key identification features : An annual herb with deeply cut, toothed leaves. Flowers are minute in compact heads (1.8-2 cm. across). Fruit is small, dry with a crown of white and silky hairs.
  • Habit : Herb
  • Flower, Fruit : October-July
  • Comments : On hills above 900 m, a weed of cultivation, fallow fields etc.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Sirumalai Hills (Dindigul district) (Tamil Nadu State); Chittoor district, West Godavari district, Srikakulam district (Andhra Pradesh State); Keonjhar district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : Cosmopolitan
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. oleraceus. Downloaded on 3 July 2020.


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  • Rasik Anandan 2020-05-15 08:39:20

    Would like to know where milk thistle is cultivated Tamil Nadu
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