Xanthium indicum Koenig

 
  • Family : ASTERACEAE
    (ASTER or SUNFLOWER FLOWER)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Compositae
  • Species : Xanthium indicum
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Xanthium strumarium L.
  • Vernacular name : Ottarachedi (Tam.); Marulamatangi (Tel.)
  • Key identification features : A stout undershrub. Stem brown, hispid. Leaves simple, alternate, three-nerved from base, broadly obovate, lobed, rounded or cordate at base. Heads unisexual. Urticles spinescent.
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Flower, Fruit : Throughout the Year
  • Comments : Abundant in wastelands and in plains up to 1500 m in marshy areas. Sometimes as a weed.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : India, Sri Lanka, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Myanmar, Western Asia, Java
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2 ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Xanthium indicum. Downloaded on 3 July 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.