Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine

  • Family : ACANTHACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Acanthaceae
  • Species : Hygrophila auriculata
  • Synonym : Hygrophila spinosa T.Anderson; Hygrophila schulli (Buch.-Ham.) M.R.Almeida & S.M. Almeida
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Hygrophila auriculata (Schumach.) Heine
  • Common name : Long-leaved Barleria
  • Vernacular name : Talimakhana (Hin.); Kolavaalike, Neeru goobli gida (Kan.); Kazhudhai mullu, Neermulli (Tam.); Neeru Gubbi (Tel.); Koelekha (Ori.); Kokilaksah, Iksurah (San.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-289
  • Collector(s) Name : K.R.K.Swamy
  • Collection Date : 02/01/16
  • Collection Locality : Batrepalli, Anantapur district, Andhra Pradesh State
  • Habitat : Open deciduous forest
  • Key identification features : A stout aquatic perennial herb with erect, unbranched stem. Leaves are simple, in whorls, strap-like, accompanied by straight and long spines. Flowers (about 3 cm. across) are generally in four pairs at each node with conspicuous hairy bracts. Fruit is a linear capsule.
  • Habit : Undershrub
  • Flower, Fruit : October-April
  • Comments : Common in marshy ground, along water courses and on hills to 1400 m.
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : Tropical Himalaya, India, Myanmar, Indo-China, Malayasia
  • Literature : J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 3 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.1. ; Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Hygrophila auriculata. Downloaded on 15 July 2020.


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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.