Oroxylum indicum L.

 
  • Family : BIGNONIACEAE
    (BIGNONIA FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Bignoniaceae
  • Species : Oroxylum indicum
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Oroxylum indicum (L.) Kurz
  • Common name : Broken bones Tree, Indian Calosanthes, Midnight Horror
  • Vernacular name : Sonapatha, Sagru, Sauna, Sona, Karkath (Hin.); Thigade mara (Kan.); Godugu Chettu, Akumanu, Nemali Chettu, Pampini, Konda pampena chettu, Peddakatti, Sakananasamu, Pampini Chettu (Tel.); Pependi, Bhalu-sakti, Phemphana, Phampan (Ori.); Syonaka (San.)
  • Key identification features : A small deciduous tree. Leaves long, 2-3-pinnate, ovate-elliptic, glabrous, acuminate, entire, rounded at base. Flowers pinkish-purple to maroon in colour, opening in evening. Fruits flat. seeds winged all round except at the base.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : July- March
  • Comments : Occasional in mixed deciduous forests along streams, rivers and cool sides of the hills in the forests. Also planted in avenues and gardens. When the leaves fall off on the ground, it looks like a pile of broken limbs or bones, hence its name.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Srikakulam district, Sunkerimetta RF (Visakhapatnam district), Polavaram forest (West Godavari district), Nallamalai Hills (Kurnool district), Chittoor district (Andhra Pradesh State); Similipal Hills (Mayurbhanj district), Ganjam district, Koraput district, Dhenkanal district (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : Tropical Himalaya, India, Sri Lanka, Indo-China, Malesia, Western & South China, South-East Asia, Philippines
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2011 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 4; J.L.Ellis, 1990- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 2; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District ; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Oroxylum indicum. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.