Garuga pinnata Roxb.

 
  • Family : BURSERACEAE
    (BURSERA FAMILY)
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Burseraceae
  • Species : Garuga pinnata
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Garuga pinnata Roxb.
  • Common name : Grey Downy Balsam Tree
  • Vernacular name : Jiga, Ghogar, Khogar, Kharpat, Kaikar (Hin.); Halabalage, Goddana mara (Kan.); Karu vembu (Tam.); Garuga chettu, Garugudu, Garugu karra, Kondavepa (Tel.); Mohi, Sompotri, Saradi, Handala mohi, Handurmai, Kath-kusum, Kenkat, Kolimoi (Ori.); Krishnamlika, Golika (San.)
  • Collection Nos : HJCB-E-73
  • Collector(s) Name : K.R.K.Swamy & Arun Singh R.
  • Collection Date : 12/09/14
  • Collection Locality : Kavalur Observatory, Javadhu Hills, Tiruvannamalai district, Tamil Nadu State
  • Habitat : Open-deciduous forest
  • Key identification features : A fairly tall deciduous tree. Leaves grow close, crowded at the ends of the branches. They are pinnately compound with a terminal leaflet at the tip. The leaflets are ovate-lanceolate and toothed. Inflorescences are clustered at the end of branches. Flowers are in panicles, 1-1.2 cm long and 0.6-0.8 cm across, bell-shaped. Stamens 10, with hairy filaments. Fruits resemble small grapes and are sometimes borne in great profusion becoming very conspicuous when the leaves fall. Some of the leaves turn orange or brilliant-crimson in rainy season. Fruits are edible, eaten raw, cooked or pickled.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Flower, Fruit : February-August
  • Comments : On hills up to 800 m in deciduous belt in full sun.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Javadhu Hills (Tiruvannamalai district, former North Arcot) (Tamil Nadu State); Kurnool district, Visakhapatnam district (Andhra Pradesh State); Similipal Hills (Mayurbhanj district) (Odisha State)
  • World Distribution : India, South-East Asia, South China, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Indo-China
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2002 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 1; J.L.Ellis, 1987- Flora of Nallamalais Vol. 1; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1994- Flora of Orissa Vol. 1 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District ; H. O. Saxena and M. Brahmam, 1989 - The Flora of Similipal, Orissa; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.; Naidu, M.T. & O.A. Kumar (2015). Tree species diversity in the Eastern Ghats of northern Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(8): 7443-7459
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Garuga pinnata. Downloaded on 11 August 2020.

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Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.