Opuntia stricta var. dillenii (Ker Gawl.) L.D. Benson

  • Family : CACTACEAE
  • Family (as per The Plant List) : Cactaceae
  • Species : Opuntia stricta
  • Variety : dillenii
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Opuntia dillenii (Ker Gawl.) Haw.
  • Common name : Prickly Pear
  • Vernacular name : Nagphani (Hin.); Papasu kalli (Kan.); Sappathikalli (Tam.); Brahma Jamudu (Tel.); Nagphani, Nagophenia (Ori.)
  • Key identification features : An erect branching xerophytic shrub, with succulent body. Joints are flat, obovate, areoles with 3-7 yellowish spines. Flowers yellow; stamens included. Berry globose, fleshy, areolar and glochidiate. Seeds many hard.
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Flower, Fruit : January-September
  • Native : Tropical America
  • Comments : In plains to 300 m and in wastelands. Often runs wild in Eastern Ghats. Fruits are edible.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Throughout Eastern Ghats
  • World Distribution : Tropical America; Naturalized in tropics
  • Literature : Pullaiah et al., 2007 - Flora of Eastern Ghats Vol. 3; H.O. Saxena & M. Brahmam, 1995- Flora of Orissa Vol. 2 ; R. S. Rao et al., 1986 - Flora of West Godavari District ; R. S. Rao and S. H. Sreeramulu, 1986 - Flora of Srikakulam District; N.P.Singh, 1988. Flora of Eastern Karnataka; Matthew, K.M., The Flora of Tamil Nadu Carnatic, Vol.3 (1). Diocesan Press, Madras. 1983.
  • Citation : Sankara Rao, K., Arun Singh R., Deepak Kumar, Raja K Swamy and Navendu Page (2016). Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats. http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in/plants.php?name=Opuntia stricta var. dillenii. Downloaded on 9 August 2020.


Field Images


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Eastern Ghats by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://easternghats.ces.iisc.ernet.in.